September 18, 1989: Steve Jobs' Next company is shipping version 1.0 of NeXTStep, an object-oriented multitasking operating system.
Incredibly advanced NeXTStep, New York Times Ironically, the operating system that Mr. Jobs will use to compete with Cupertino proved to be one of the things to save Apple after ten years.
NeXTStep from several years ago
NeXTStep was previewed for the first time in 1986. NeXT released the first beta version of NeXT computer in October 1988 but it took almost a year to get the finished version to customers. Delay benefited from Jobs' perfectionistic trend on an equal scale and was not unusual for NeXT suffering.
However, Jobs challenged the fact that NeXT was behind schedule. Instead, he insisted that he was at an early stage – "five years earlier than that time"
NeXTStep was developed mainly by Avie Tevanian. Previously I was working in Mach micro kernel which is a super version version of UNIX at Carnegie Mellon University.
Jobs convinced Tevanian to join NeXT, rather than doing much more profitable work of Microsoft in a short time. After joining Apple in 1997, Tevanian then retired in 2006 after serving as Chief Software Technology Officer. Another important employee of NeXTStep was Bud Tribble, a member of the original Macintosh design team.
One of the great features of NeXTStep was the emphasis on Object Oriented Programming (OOP). This allowed developers to easily create applications. One memorable OOP toolkit became WebObjects, allowing companies to build Web-based services.
As the above video shows, NeXTStep is surprisingly close to today's OS X. You can see some stylistic differences, but eventually pack all the ingredients to form the foundation of OS X. Frequently used programs and applet docks.
NeXTStep on Steve Jobs' career
Up to that point, NeXT tried to advance hardware business seriously but failed. A beautifully designed, technically superior machine (this was the Tim Berners-Lee system used to develop the World Wide Web at CERN), NeXT ceased to produce computers in 1993 and focused on software I began to do.
NeXT then reconfigured NeXTStep as OpenStep, with the goal of licensing it to companies like Intel. After Apple had problems developing next-generation operating systems, the company acquired NeXT in 1996. A few years later, Apple's newly reinstated CEO Jobs announced the development of OS X.
Have you used a NeXT computer or the NeXTStep operating system? Please leave the following comments.